Pension Application for Nicholas Christman (Cristman)
State of New York
Herkimer County SS (Subscribed and Sworn)
On this sixteenth day of April one thousand eight hundred and eighteen before me David Holt one of the judges of the Court of Common Pleas in and for the county and state aforesaid, personally appears Nicholas Christman aged sixty-two years resident in the Town of Palatine in the County of Montgomery in the state aforesaid, the said Nicholas being to me well known, who being by me first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following declaration, in order to obtain the provision made by the late Act of Congress entitled “An Act to Provide for Certain Persons Engaged in The Land and Naval service of The United States in the Revolutionary War.”
That the said Nicholas Christman enlisted in the then County of Tryon in the state aforesaid in a company commanded by Captain Christopher P. Yates (1) in the then Second Regiment of Infantry Commanded by Col. Goes Van Schaick (2) in which said company and regiment the said Nicholas served and was present at the taking of St. Johns, Chamblay [Chamblee] and Montreal.
That after the campaign of one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five, he the said Nicholas re-enlisted in a company commanded by Captain Ten Eyck (3) from which he was transferred to Maj. Cochran’s company in the detachment commanded by Col. Peter Gansevoort (4) in which regiment the said Nicholas remained in the service of the United States for more than three years. (5)
That he did serve in the whole in the Continental Establishment, against the common enemy for about five years.
That he was honorably discharged from the United States service at Morristown in New Jersey but at what time he cannot now recollect as he has long since lost his discharge that he was in the Battle of St. John’s of Chamblay, of Johnstown (6) in New York and at the siege of Fort Stanwix under the command of Colonels Gansevoort and Willett. And that he is in reduced circumstances and stands in need of the assistance of his country for support. And that he has no other evidence of his service nor his power then this his own declaration and these depositions of Andrew Finks and John Wetherston (7) which are herewith annexed. And he hereby relinquishes all pensions heretofore granted from this State or the United States to this deponent.
(his mark) Nicholas Cristman
Subscribed, sworn to and declared before me this day and year aforesaid. David Holtz
State of New York
Court of Common Pleas
On this 14th day of June 1820, personally appeared in open court being a court of record for the said County of Montgomery in the said State of New York proceeding according to the course of the common law with a jurisdiction unlimited in point of amount and keeping a record of it proceedings, Nicholas Christman, residing in the Town of Palatine in the said county, aged sixty-four years in October last according to the best of his knowledge and belief who being duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath declare that he served in the Revolutionary War as follows. To wit:
In the campaign of seventeen hundred and seventy-five, he served in the then second New York Regiment commanded by Colonel Goose Van Schaick he being a private in Captain Christopher P. Yates company. That during that campaign he was at the taking of St. Johns Chamblew and Montreal soon after which his term of service expired. That he then reenlisted a private in Captain Ten Eyck’s Company, same regiment and marched to Quebec in which service he continued until the last of June or beginning of July in seventeen hundred and seventy-six, that he then returned to his place of residence in the County of Tryon, now County of Montgomery and state aforesaid.
That in seventeen hundred and seventy-seven he again enlisted into the same regiment and that time commanded by Colonel Peter Gansevoort and continued in said regiment until the time of his discharge which was in seventeen hundred and eighty at Morristown in the State of New Jersey at which may fully appear by reference to his declaration and in the office of the Secretary of war and dated sixteenth day of April eighteen hundred and eighteen or thereabouts.
He received a certificate from said war office, dated sixteenth July eighteen hundred and eighteen No. 1201.
And I the said Nicholas Christman do solemnly swear that I was a resident citizen of the United States on the eighteenth March in the year eighteen hundred and eighteen and that I have not since that time by gift, sale or in any manner disposed of my property or any part thereof with intent hereby so to diminish it or to bring myself within the provisions of “An Act to Provide for Certain Persons Engaged in The Land and Naval service of The United States in the Revolutionary War”, passed on the eighteenth day or March eighteen hundred and eighteen. And I have not nor has any person in trust for me any property or securities or contracts or debts due to me. Nor have I any income other that what is contained in the schedule hereunto annexed and by me subscribed.
(his mark) Nicholas Christman
Sworn to and declared on the fourteenth day of June 1820 in open court before me, Wm McCarthy, Clerk
1 cow, $12.00, I bed and bedding $12.50, 8 sheep $8.00.
That his occupation is that of a common laborer and but of poor ability to pursue that owing to advanced age and one stiff arm. That his family consists of the following viz: Mary, his wife aged fifty-seven, considerably smart and healthy, Henry his son aged thirteen years he is and is likely to be dependant from a fever sore on his left leg and Eve thirteen years old & slender. That he has been ordered by a Justice of the Peace of the Town of Palatine to quit the town on the grounds that his legal settlement was elsewhere.
1 tea kettle, 1 iron kettle, 1 ??? kettle, 1 small iron kettle, 1 trammel, 5 earthen plates, 5 chairs, 1 table, 5 knives and forks, 1 teapot, 6 tea cups and saucers. Everything in the house is not in the whole worth more than $8.00.
(his mark) Nicholas Christman
End Notes for Ncholas Christman S.544757
By James F. Morrison
1. Captain Christopher P. Yates, 4th Company [raised from Tryon County] Second New York Continental Regiment raised in 1775 under Col. Goose Van Schaick.
Other company officers were First Lieutenant Andrew Finck, Vice [in place of] Anthony Van Veghten declined. Van Veghten later was Adjutant and Lieutenant in Col. Jacob Klock’s Regiment of Tryon County Militia [Second Regiment]. He ran at the Battle of Oriskany on 6 August 1777 and helped to start the panic among the other militiamen near him. He afterwards worked in the commissary Dept.
John Keyser Jr. Vice Matthew Wormwood, declined. Wormwood
became a lieutenant in Capt. John Hess’ Company in Col. Klock’s
Regt and was killed near Cherry Valley on 2 June 1778 by Capt. Joseph Brant.
Lt. Keyser died in November of 1775 and Tobias Van Veghten was appointed in his place. Tobias was killed on 26 July 1777 with Jenny MCCrea by Indians under Gen. John Burgoyne.
For a good history of the First New York Regiment read the following: History of the First New York Regiment 1775-1783 by T. W. Egly, Jr. Peter E.Randall, Publisher, 1981.
4. Peter Gansevoort was a major under Col. Van Schaick in 1775 and appointed Colonel of the 3rd New York Continental Regiment on 21 November 1776. Gansevoort and Lieutenant-Colonel Marinus Willett were in command of Fort Schuyler [Fort Stanwix] during the siege of August 1777.
5. According to the Muster Rolls of the 3rd NY Regt or microfilm in Washington DC, Nicholas enlisted as a private in Capt. Henryb Tiebout’s Company [7th Co.] on 30 March 1777 for 3 years. Deserted 28 November 1777 probably never or at Valley Forge, PA. He re-joined the Regt at Valley Forge, PA. Discharged 5 March 1780 at Morristown, NJ. The winter at Morristown, NJ was worse than the winter at Valley Forge.
6. Nicholas claims to have been in the Battle of Johnstown on the 25th of October 1781. So far I have found only and enlistment for a Nicholas Christman in Col. Peter Bellinger’s Regiment of Tryon County Militia [4th Regt.]. This Regiment was too far away to be in the Battle of Johnstown but some were at the skirmish at West Canada Creek on 30 October 1781 where Captain Walter Butler was killed. Nicholas claims to have lived in what became the Town of Palatine, Montgomery Co. when he enlisted.
7. Andrew Fink and John Wetherston served with Nicholas.