Pension Application for Matthew Copley
Commonwealth of Massachusetts
County of Hampden
On this eighth day of August 1832 personally appeared in open court before the Judge of the Court of Probate for said county now sitting Matthew Copley a resident of West Springfield in the County of Hampden aforesaid & state of Massachusetts aged eighty years who first being duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832.
That he entered the service of the United States under the following named officers & served herein after stated. That in the summer of the year 1776 he enlisted into the service for the term of five months, he thinks it was in July, into a company commanded by Sam’l Flower of said West Springfield, Chapin was Lieutenant and one Miller was Ensign.
That he went immediately to Ticonderoga & remained there for five months and was discharged sometime in December. That while at Ticonderoga the company was employed in building redoubts, clearing the surrounding country of the brush that the Indians might not approach as unseen. That he had no other service to perform this campaign except that which was performed at or about the fort at Ticonderoga.
That he was born in the State of Pennsylvania on the 28th February 1752 at a place situated not very remote from that in which Genl Braddock was defeated--that his father has told him that he was driven off by the Indians, that he was very young when his father left Pennsylvania & came to Suffield [?] in Connecticut that about the year 1774 he removed with his father’s family to the immediate neighborhood in which he now lives which then constituted a part of the Town of Werofield [?] but has since been converted to West Springfield. That the only record of his birth of which he has any evidence is the one made by his father on the title page was his Bible which is now in the possession of his brother Benjamin.
That when he entered into the service during the Revolutionary War, he lived in the Town of West Springfield & ever since made it his home there still—though, having no family, he has frequently labored in other towns and passed several [?] in various other places.
That in every instance of Revolutionary service he entered voluntarily. That he does not recollect having ever received a written discharge.
The said Matthew aforesaid did on that very soon after his return from the service above mentioned & in the month of December 1776 he again enlisted for the term of three months, under Capt Nathan Rowley of this town, and marched through Bennington to Skenesborough where they crossed the lake on the ice to Ticonderoga. That Capt Rowley’s Company was stationed on board some vessels on the lake, which were froze in between the fort and Mount Independence. That they performed garrison duty on board the vessels for nearly or quite the whole time—that he remained there till the period of his enlistment had expired which must have been as late as the better part of March as the ice had then nearly or quite disappeared in the lake—that Colonel Robinson of Granville, if he recollects right was his colonel. That his brother Benjamin Copley & John Egleston of the town were both with him in this last mentioned service—we all enlisted at the same time, marched together & returned together.
The said Matthew further declares, that in the month of June 1780 he again enlisted for the term of three months under Capt. Levi Ely of this town to go up the Mohawk Rivers for the purpose of protecting the inhabitants on the frontiers against the incursions of the Indians. That Fowler & Stiles, were lieutenants in one company. Brown of Pittsfield in this state was colonel—that we were employed some part of the time in guarding the public stores in their transportation to the troops at Fort Stanwicks. That on or about the last day of the time for which he had enlisted, they were attacked by the Indians & defeated—that Col. Brown was killed, & also Capt Ely & nearly twenty of his company—this battle took place not far from the 10th October & that immediately after the battle he was discharged & returned home. That there was a large number of young men from this town—that engagement & were [?] [?] in? H” from this town, then in any other battle during the war—that for it [?] of this [?] was with [?] on this tour of service from the commencement of their march till after the engagement.
The said Matthew Copley further declares that in the spring in the year 1777 he enlisted as a marine on board the Brig Hazard Commanded by Capt Smith. That the Brig sailed from Boston carried 36 guns. That they took one prize & sent her into Boston & that he received his share of the prize money. That he enlisted for six months & that the ship returned into port some time in the fall & that after the six months were out he was discharged. He recollects that when he was returning home the farmers were engaged in their [?] harvest. That he cannot [?] the name of any other [?] on board except the captain, nor does he know whether any [?] is now living.
The said Matthew states that he is well known & Roland Burbanks Esq., Alford Flower Esq., Samuel Palmer, Frederick Palmer & Uriah Loomis, who can testify to his character for veracity & to the belief of his services as a soldier in the Revolution.
Here hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present & declared that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state.
Sworn to & subscribed the day & year aforesaid.
(Signed with his mark) Matthew Copley