Morrison's Pensions

Pension Application for Joseph Crawford

State of New York
Delaware County
            Declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the action of the Act of Congress of the 4th of July 1836.
            On this 28th day of October 1837 personally appeared before me Amos Douglass one of the Judges of the County Courts in & for the County of Delaware.  Margaret Crawford a resident of the Town of Tompkins in said County of Delaware and State of New York aged seventy eight years the 14th day of last February who being first duly sworn according to law doth on her oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the Act of Congress passed the 4th July 1835.
            That she is the widow of Joseph Crawford who resided at Curry Bush (1) at the commencement of the Revolutionary War. 
            That he the said Crawford enlisted at Schenectada in the State of New York on the first of April 1781 for the term of nine months in the capacity of a Corporal in the Company Commanded by Capt. Lawrence Gross (2) in Colo. Marinus Willett’s Regiment of New York Levies. 
            That some time after enlistment the said Crawford was promoted to a sergeant and served out the residue of term [such] as that he was employed with said regiment up in the Mohawk River in the campaign of 1781 and was discharged at Fort Plain the last of December 1781.  That said Crawford rendered other services in that war the particulars of which said deponant  cannot now recollect. 
            She the deponent further declares that she was married to the said Joseph Crawford on the 28th of January 1783 by the Revd. William Johnson the Parish Minister at Curry’s Bush.  That her husband the aforesaid Joseph Crawford died on the 28th of July 1829 and that she has remained a widow ever since that period as will more fully appear by referring to the proof hereto annexed.  She further saith that the record hereto annexed of births and marriages and of their proper family record and contains the birth and marriages of herself and her said husband and was taken from their family Bible. 
NB. [The word Willett was interlined 15th line before signed]
(Signed, her mark) Margaret Crawford
            Sworn to & Subscribed on the day and year above written before me Amos Douglas one of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas of the County of Delaware being a Court of Record.

Family Record


Joseph Crawford September 9, 1761
Margaret Shankland (3) wife of Joseph Crawford February 14th 1759
Children of Joseph and Margaret Crawford
Andrew Born July 18th 1783
Sarah April 14, 1785
Joseph June 18, 1787
Lucretia October 18, 1789
Robert December 23, 1791
James January 15, 1793
John June 3, 1795
Alexander June 30, 1798
William August 6, 1800
Joseph Crawford was married to Margaret Shankland January 28 1783
Sarah Crawford was married to John Huyck September 7, 1802
State of New York
Delaware County
            William Crawford of the Town of Tompkins in the said County being duly sworn according to law deposeth that he is one of the children of Joseph and Margaret Crawford deceased that as but a child this deponent has a direct interest in the application and claim for a pension due this deponant’s mother the foresaid Margaret Crawford at her decease.
            (signed) William Crawford.
            Sworn to and Subscribed to this the 22 day of December 1853 Libbius L. Teed, Justice of the Peace.

Letter included in the pension folder.
            September 18, 1925
Mrs. Charles Groet
151 W. Wilson St.
Madison, Wisc.
            I have to advise you from the papers in the Revolutionary War pension claim, R.2466, it appears that Joseph Crawford was born September 9, 1761, place not stated.
            He enlisted at Schenectady, New York, April 1, 1781 and served nine months as a Corporal and Sergeant in Captain Laurence Gross’ Company, Colonel Marinus Willett’s New York Regiment. (4)
            He died July 18, 1829.
            Soldier Married January 28, 1783, Margaret Shankland, who was born February 14, 1759.  She applied for pension, on account of her husband’s service, October 28, 1837, while a resident of Tompkins, Delaware County, New York, but the claim was not allowed, as the pension laws required that she be married before the end of her husband’s service and she was not married until after that time.
            She died prior to December 22, 1853.
            Their children were
            Sarah April 14, 1785, married Jacob Huyek September 7, 1802.
            Joseph June 18, 1787
            Lucretia October 18, 1789
            Robert December 23, 1791
            James January 15, 1793
            John June 3, 1795
            Alexander June 30, 1798
            William August 6, 1800
            In order to make a proper search of the records of this bureau for a soldier named John Barus, some of the following data is essential, approximate dates of birth and death, places of residence at enlistment and after service and given name of widow.  Also please state the War in which he served.
Winfield Scott

End Notes-Joseph Crawford R.2466
By James F. Morrison

  1. Curry Bush- Currie Bush, a settlement in what is present day Schenectady County, NY, near Princetown.   At times confused with Currytown, Corry’s Town in present day Town of Roof, Montgomery County.
  2. According to the Muster Roll of Captain Gross’ Company Joseph enlisted as a corporal on the 23 of April 1781.  He was to be discharged on 1 January 1781.  He was never promoted to sergeant.  Under remarks he is listed as “on command at Schenectady”.  He was apparently assigned to do duty with Captain Elihu Marshall of Willett’s Regiment.  Revolutionary War Rolls 1775-1783, Series M 246, Roll 78, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  3. The Shankland family moved the Schenectady-Albany area as a result of the Cherry Valley Massacre on 11 November 1778 for better safety.
  4. Joseph also had served as a private in Captain Thomas Wasson’s Company in Colonel Abraham Wemple’s Regiment of Albany County Militia [Second Regiment]. Also in the same company were Ensign Alexander Crawford and Private John Crawford.


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