Pension Application for Enos Howard
This pension is hard to read as the ink is badly blotted. James
Enos Howard (Martha)
State of New York
On the eleventh day of October 1832 personally appeared in open court before the Judges of the County of Common Pleas of the County of Schenectady in said state now sitting Enos Howard, a resident of the Town of Duanesburgh in the County of Schenectady and State of New York aged seventy-two years on the 5th day of July last. Who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress passed June 7th, 1832.
That he entered the service of the United States under the following named officers and served as herein stated.
That during the Revolutionary War he resided in the Town of Austerlitz, then the County of Albany, now in the county of Columbia that in the later part of the summer of 1777 he was drafted into the militia service for three months under the command of Captain John McKinstry (1) of the ___?(first few letters of word blotted)__dale under Col. Robert Livingston (2) of Livingston’s Manor, in Gen. Glover’s Brigade, that he marched with his company to Saratoga and then joined the army under General [Horatio] Gates that he participated in the various engagements which resulted in the taking of Gen. [John] Burgoyne, was present at the surrender and that soon after the surrender and that soon after the surrender his company was marched back to Albany, where he was discharged and as deponent believes a few days before his term of three months had expired.
And this deponent further saith that about the last of October 1778 he was drafted (or pieced out) for three months service to go on an expedition to the south, that the detachment to which he belonged were ordered to rendezvous at Fish Kill, that they were joined on their route by a company from Livingston’s Manor, that they remained at Fish Kill until the 5 or 6 of December following when the order to go to the south was countermanded, and they were discharged at Fish Kill. That this detachment was composed of drafts (3) from men of the North River Counties, that if these drafts [were?] [ever?] completely organized and officered, it has escaped the recollection of this deponent, as he [cannot?] accurately recollect the names of the officers.
And this deponent further saith that in the fall of 1779, he was drafted for three months and marched under Captain Elezer Spencer (4) of Spencertown [now Stephentown] to Peekskill, his lieut name was [Jonathan] Pitcher, that they were marched from that place to VerPlant’s Point and were there engaged about a month in rebuilding the fort which had been recently burned by the enemy that after the fort was rebuilt he was discharged and returned home.
And this deponent further saith, that in or about the month of August or September 1780, he went into the service of the United States for a man to be selected by a class (5) in the Town of Coloverek [Claverack] then Albany County for the term of three months under Captain Miller, (6) and immediately marched to West Point.
That he was at West Point at the time Gen. [Benedict] Arnold was negoeiciating [sic] the surrender of that post to the enemy, that he with a man by the name of [Jabish] Rowley were selected from his company to form a detachment to take some prisoners to the interior of Pennsylvania, that he thinks this detachment formed by selecting two soldiers from each company, that this selection was made, the detachment formed and the march commenced on the same day, that they started with their prisoners as he believes about two days before the discovery of Arnold’s treachery, that he went with the prisoners to Lancaster, Pa. And returned immediately to West Point, that on his return he learned that his company had been ordered to the north and he proceeded on to Albany several days waiting until some military stores were prepared. That in pursuance of orders he assisted in transporting several loads of military stores to Schoharie, when he finally joined his company, that soon his arrival at the fort in Schoharie the fort was attacked [Oct 17] by the British and Indians under Governor Johnston (7), the United States forces were under the command of Col. Woolsey, (8) that he well recollects that many of the troops expressed strong doubts in regard to the courage of Maj. Woolsey, and were fearful in case a flag of truce was received, that the fort would be surrendered, and that some of the Pennsylvania riflemen (9) fired at the flag which the enemy twice attempted to send to the fort, -- that after a sharp attack on the fort, the enemy retreated in the direction of the Mohawk River, that he with the troops of the fort pursued the enemy to Canajoharie, Fort Plain, and followed them from thence about twenty miles into the woods beyond the settlements on the German Flatts, that many of the enemy were killed in the pursuit, and among the killed was the celebrated Col. Butler (10) [Howard is mistaken] that after the pursuit the troops returned down the Mohawk to Albany when this deponent was discharged and returned home, that he was engaged in this last service about three months.
And this deponent further saith, that in the year 1781, he again entered the service as a substitute for one Peter Hogaboome of the said Town of Clooisick [Claverack] for the term of four months, that he joined his company which was commanded by Captain Peter Van Renslaer (11) at Fort Plain on the Mohawk River in or about the first of the month of August in that year, that the forces at that place was commanded by Col. willett, Jellis A. Fonda was the Adjutant of the regiment, his lieutenant was Jacob Winne who also acted as quarter master, that he remained with and participated with the army under Col. Willett in the services of that campaign that at the close of this campaign (which was late in the fall) he returned with baggage down the Mohawk to Schenectady and went from thence to Albany when he was discharged from the service and returned home, that he was in this last service four months, that all the above services were in the militia, that in addition to the above service he was called out several times to take and subdue the Tories in the neighborhood of his residence, in this last service he was engaged he thinks about one month, and this deponent further saith that the whole of this deponent service as above stated as he believes was about twelve months—and this deponent further saith, that there is not clergyman within his neighborhood with whom he is particularly acquainted except the Rev. Mr. Haw who is now on a journey to the west and could not be procured at this time to give testimony on behalf of this deponent.
He herby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present, and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state.
(Signed) Enos Howard
Sworn & subscribed this day & year aforesaid John L. Vrooman, Clerk
Enos Howard, End Notes
1. John McKinstry’s Company is in the 9th Regiment of Albany County Militia.
2. Peter Van Ness is the Colonel of the Ninth Regiment. Robert Livingston is the Lieutenant Colonel of the Tenth Regiment of Albany County Militia and Peter R. Livingston is the Colonel. Howard’s nor McKinstry’s name appears in the rolls of the tenth. It is however, possible that men were drafted from several regiments and Lieut-Col. R. Livingston could have been in charge of this detachment.
3. Men were selected or drafted out of various companies and regiment to form detachments for duty. This helped to prevent an area from being unprotected against enemy raids.
4. Abner Hawley was captain, Eleazer Spencer was first lieutenant and John Pitcher was the second lieutenant. They all were commissioned on May 28, 1778.
5. Each company usually would put 10 men to a class with one man to be head of the class. Each class was to furnish one man to serve in the Levies. If they didn’t the man who was the head of the class was either fined or served in his place.
6. Captain Jeremiah Muller’s Company in Colonel Morris Graham’s Regiment of New York State Levies.
7. Lieutenant-Colonel. Sir John Johnson of the King’s Royal Regiment of New York. This regiment was raised from Loyalists from the Mohawk Valley and other parts of New York.
8. Actually it is Major Melancton Woolsey of Colonel Graham’s Regiment. Major Woolsey had a command of two companies from Graham’s Regt. They were Capt. Muller’s and Capt. Jacob J. Lansing’s Companies.
9. The Pennsylvania Riflemen he refers to actually were men that were in Captain Isaac Bogart’s Company in Lieutenant-Colonel John Harper’s Regiment of New York State Levies. The men had served in the Rifle Corp in Schoharie in late 1778 and the early part of 1779. When their enlistments expired they decided to remain in the Schoharie Valley. They were David Ellerson, William Leeke, William Loyd [Lloyd], Timothy Murphy, Zachariah Tufts.
10. Walter Butler, but his ran was Captain. He was killed on 31 October, 1781 but not in 1780 as Howard relates.
11. Howard enlisted on 9 August 1781 in Capt. Peter Van Rensselaer’s Company in Lieutenatnt-Colonel Commandant Marinus Willett’s Regiment of New York State Levies. The lieutenants were John Spencer and Jacob Winney. The company was discharged on 1 December 1781. The Muster Roll can be found on microfilm Reel 78, series 246, Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783, National Archives in Washington DC.