Solomon Taladay Pension Application
Contributed by Nancy Machuga
At a Court of Common Pleas holden at the Courthouse in the Town of Elmira for the County of Tioga on the second Tuesday of August in the year of one thousand eight hundred and twenty-two. Present: Gamaliel H. Bardstow, Esq., First Judge; and Judges Benjamin John McConnel, and Henry Miller.
District of New York Tioga County. On this 16th day of August, 1822 personally appeared in open court before the Judges aforesaid of the same Court of Pleas in and for the County of Tioga aforesaid being a Court of Record because it is a Court which proceeds according to the course of common law with jurisdiction in point of amount keeping a record of their proceedings, and having the power of fine and imprisonment, Solomon Taladay age sixty-four years on the sixteenth day of February last past, who being duly sworn according to the law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the provisions made by the Act of Congress on the 18th of March 1818 and May 1820 and that the said Solomon Taladay enlisted for the term of nine months commensing in the month of April in the year in which Fort Montgomery was built which he believes to have been built in the year 1776 (1) or 1777 in the State of New York, the Company commanded by a Captain Rosencrants in the Regiment commanded by Col. Dubois whose first name he does not recollect in the New York Line on the Continental Establishment as he believes and that he continued to serve in the same Corps for the space of 9 months (2) when his term of enlistment having expired he was discharged from the said service at Fort Montgomery in the State of New York. That he afterwards continued in said service at different periods for the space of three years and rising, during which time he was in the battle of Monmouth (3) in which action he had his left arm broken. That he was also in the battle of Brandwine (4) in which action he was shot through the left thigh and that he was also in the expedition against the Indians commanded by General Sullivan (5) Tweed in the battle of Hog Back Hill (6) so called in the County of Tioga State of New York aforesaid and that he has no other evidence now in his power of his said services except an affidavit made by Jemima Talladay before John Hannah, Esq. which said affidavit that deponent believes are at Tioga Point State of Pennsylvania and which said deponent expects to be able to secure; and in pursuance of the Act of first of May 1820 I do solemnly swear that I was a resident citizen of the United States on the 18th day of March 1818 and I have not since that time by gift, sale or in any other manner disposed of my property or any part thereof with intent thereby to so diminish it, as to bring myself within the provisions of an Act of Congress entitled: "an Act to provide for certain persons engaged in the land & naval service of the United States in the Revolutionary War: passed on the 15th day of March 1818 and that I have not nor has any person in trust for me and property or security contracts or debts due to me nor have I income other than what is contained in the schedule hereto annexed which is as follows viz. two tin cups, one wash bowl, two table spoons, one iron pot, one frying pan, one leather bed, one strawbed, two blankets, one sheet, two feather pillows, one ___, two tight-bodoed coats, two pair pantaloons, two shirts, one hat, one pair showes, two case knives, fork, one pocket knife, and one suit of clothing for my wife and two sets of clothing for my children who are now living with me. That I have a wife and two children aged as follows: viz: my wife aged 38 years and upwards, Cynthia aged three years the 3rd day of May last. Miley age one year the 11th day of March about and that my occupation is that of a laborer but that my reason as well as my advanced age as the wounds received in the course of my service as aforesaid I am unable to pursue the same as I would otherwise be able to.
(Signed with his mark) Solomon Taladay
Sworn to & subscribed on the sixteenth day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred twenty two.
Gamaliel H. Barstow first Judge State of New York Tioga County. I hereby certify that the above foregoing are truly copied from the record of the said court and that it is the opinion of the said Court that the amount in value of the property contained in the above schedule is twenty dollars. Witness my hand and seal of the aforesaid this 22nd August 1872. Thomas Maxwell, Jr of Tioga Common Pleas.
1. Solomon enlisted 1 January 1777 as a private in Captain Thomas Lee’s Company in the Fifth New York Continental Regiment Commanded by Colonel Lewis DuBois. Revolutionary War Rolls 1775-1783, Series M246, Roll 71, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
He is listed as deserting in February 1777. He returned to the regiment in July 1778. He again deserted on March 1, 1780 and did not return to the regiment.
2. Solomon had enlisted for 3 years not nine months and was not discharged.
3. The Fifth New York Continental Regiment was still in the Highlands in New York and were not at the Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey which was fought on June 28, 1778.
4. The Fifth New York was not at the Battle of Brandywine, PA, which was fought on September 11, 1777. His claim to have fought at Brandywine and Monmouth are either false or he had joined another regiment after deserting from the Fifth New York.
5. General John Sullivan.
6. The Battle of Newtown (Elmira, NY) was fought on August 29, 1779.
In the muster roll of the Late Thomas Lee’s Company (Lee had resigned) in the Fifth New York for the months of January and February 1779 Solomon is listed and also a John Taladay.
The roll is dated March 11, 1779 at Schoharie.
Second Lieutenant Samuel English was in Command of this company at this time.